监控平台 / Zabbix

Zabbix 4.4安装部署

浅时光 · 2月17日 · 2020年 39361次已读

一、环境准备

环境描述

  • PHP:72
  • Nginx 1.16
  • MySQL 8.0
  • Zabbix 4.4

1.1:设置阿里镜像源

[root@zabbix-server ~]# mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.backup

[root@zabbix-server ~]# wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo
[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum install epel-release

1.2:关闭SELINUX

[root@zabbix-server ~]# sed -ri 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config 
[root@zabbix-server ~]# setenforce 0
[root@zabbix-server ~]# getenforce 
Permissive

1.3:安装常用软件

[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum -y install bash-completion
[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum -y install bash-completion-extras
[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum -y install vim net-tools wget gcc gcc-devel lrzsz ntp make patch openssl openssl-devel libxml2-devel libxslt-devel perl-devel perl-ExtUtils-Embed libtool zlib zlib-devel pcre pcre-devel

1.4:同步互联网时间

[root@zabbix-server ~]# cp /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai  /etc/localtime

[root@zabbix-server ~]# ntpdate time1.aliyun.com
[root@zabbix-server ~]# echo "*/5 * * * *  ntpdate time1.aliyun.com &> /dev/null && hwclock -w" >> /var/spool/cron/root

[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl  restart crond

1.5:放通zabbix监听端口

#放开端口
[root@zabbix-server ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=10050/tcp
[root@zabbix-server ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=10051/tcp

[root@zabbix-server ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=80/tcp

#使其规则生效
[root@zabbix-server ~]# firewall-cmd --reload
 
#查看端口是否放开
[root@zabbix-server ~]# firewall-cmd --list-port
10050/tcp 10051/tcp 80/tcp

二、部署Nginx

原文链接:https://www.dqzboy.com

2.1:安装

  • 使用RPM包进行安装
[root@zabbix-server ~]# mkdir /soft
[root@zabbix-server ~]# cd /soft/
[root@zabbix-server soft]# wget http://nginx.org/packages/centos/7/x86_64/RPMS/nginx-1.16.1-1.el7.ngx.x86_64.rpm

[root@zabbix-server soft]# rpm -ivh nginx-1.16.1-1.el7.ngx.x86_64.rpm

[root@zabbix-server ~]# nginx -v
nginx version: nginx/1.16.1

2.2:启动

[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl start nginx
[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl enable nginx
[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl status nginx

2.3:访问

image 424
文章来源(Source):浅时光博客

三、部署M原文链接:https://www.dqzboy.comySQL

  • 安装新版MySQL8.0版本

3.1:下载YUM源

[root@zabbix-server ~]# wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql80-community-release-el7-3.noarch.rpm

3.2:安装YUM源

[root@zabbix-server ~]# rpm -ivh mysql80-community-release-el7-3.noarch.rpm

3.3:安装服务端

文章来源(Source):https://www.dqzboy.com
# 查看 mysql server
[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum repolist enabled | grep "mysql.*-community.*"
[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum repolist all | grep mysql

# 安装
[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum install mysql-community-server

3.4:启动服务

[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl start mysqld.service
[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl enable mysqld.service
[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl status mysqld.service

3.5:密码配置

3.5.1:查看登陆密码

[root@zabbix-server ~]# cat /var/log/mysqld.log | grep 'password'

3.5.2:登陆

[root@zabbix-server ~]# mysql -uroot -p
  • 到这里 MySQL 就完全安装完成了

3.5.3:重置密码

# 密码验证策略低要求
mysql> set global validate_password.policy=0; (0或LOW代表低级)

# 密码至少要包含的小写字母个数和大写字母个数
mysql> set global validate_password.mixed_case_count=0;

# 密码至少要包含的数字个数。
mysql> set global validate_password.number_count=0; 

# 密码至少要包含的特殊字符数
mysql> set global validate_password.special_char_count=0; 

# 密码长度
mysql> set global validate_password.length=4;  #8.0最小长度为4

# 再次设置密码
mysql> ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'dqz123';

3.6:创建用户和数据库

# 创建数据库
[root@zabbix-server ~]# mysql -uroot -p
mysql> create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;

# 创建zabbix账号;MySQL8.0的账号身份验证和MySQL5.7不同
mysql> create user zabbix@localhost identified with mysql_native_password by 'dqz123';

# 授权
mysql> grant all privileges on zabbix.* to zabbix@localhost;

四、部署PHP

4.1:安装

[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum install epel-release
[root@zabbix-server ~]# rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm

[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum install php72w-fpm php72w-opcache

4.2:配置

[root@zabbix-server ~]# vim /etc/php.ini
368 max_execution_time = 300	//默认30,Zabbix要求为300
378 max_input_time = 300		//默认60
385 max_input_vars = 10000	//去除注释,默认1000改为10000
389 memory_limit = 128M		//内存限制
656 post_max_size = 16M		//默认8M改为16M
877 date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai   //去除注释,默认空,更为为上海时区

# 修改用户
[root@zabbix-server ~]# vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
8 user = nginx
10 group = nginx

[root@zabbix-server ~]# chown -R nginx. /var/lib/php

4.3:启动

[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl start php-fpm
[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl enable php-fpm

五、安装Zabbix-server

5.1:添加Zabbix镜像源

[root@zabbix-server ~]# rpm -Uvh https://mirrors.aliyun.com/zabbix/zabbix/4.4/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-4.4-1.el7.noarch.rpm
[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum clean all
  • 注:安装时有可能被墙导致安装失败,可替换官方源地址,将官方地址改为清华源的地址
[root@zabbix-server ~]# vim /etc/yum.repos.d/zabbix.repo
# 末行模式输入以下进行替换
:%s#http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.4/rhel/7/#https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/zabbix/zabbix/4.4/rhel/7/#g

5.2:安装zabbix-server

#安装服务端,前端,和agent
[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum -y install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-web-mysql zabbix-agent zabbix-nginx-conf

5.3:配置zabbix数据库

#导入数据
[root@zabbix-server ~]# zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql*/create.sql.gz | mysql -uzabbix -p zabbix
Enter password:	//zabbix用户密码

#编辑配置文件
[root@zabbix-server ~]# vim  /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
91 DBHost=localhost    //去除注释
100 DBName=zabbix		//数据库名称
116 DBUser=zabbix		//用户
124 DBPassword=123456	//去除注释,输入数据库用户zabbix的密码

# 以下解决报警:Zabbix discoverer processes more than 75% busy问题
189 StartPollers=12  //去除注释,增加初始化进程,默认5
244 StartDiscoverers=5  //去除注释,增加discovery进程数量,默认1

5.4:启动Zabbix Server

[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl  start zabbix-server.service
[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl  enable zabbix-server.service
[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl  status zabbix-server.service

5.5:检查日志是否有报错

[root@zabbix-server ~]# more /var/log/zabbix/zabbix_server.log

5.6:配置zabbix-web

  • 将nginx默认调用的外部配置文件重命名,这样就直接调用z文章来源(Source):浅时光博客abbix的配置文件了
[root@zabbix-server ~]# cd /etc/nginx/conf.d/
[root@zabbix-server conf.d]# mv default.conf{,_bak}
  • zabbix.conf配置文件内容如下
server {
#        listen          80;
#        server_name     example.com;

        root    /usr/share/zabbix;

        index   index.php;

        location = /favicon.ico {
                log_not_found   off;
        }

        location / {
                try_files       $uri $uri/ =404;
        }

        location /assets {
                access_log      off;
                expires         10d;
        }

        location ~ /\.ht {
                deny            all;
        }

        location ~ /(api\/|conf[^\.]|include|locale) {
                deny            all;
                return          404;
        }

        location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {
                fastcgi_pass    unix:/run/php-fpm/zabbix.sock;
                fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
                fastcgi_index   index.php;

                fastcgi_param   DOCUMENT_ROOT   /usr/share/zabbix;
                fastcgi_param   SCRIPT_FILENAME /usr/share/zabbix$fastcgi_script_name;
                fastcgi_param   PATH_TRANSLATED /usr/share/zabbix$fastcgi_script_name;

                include fastcgi_params;
                fastcgi_param   QUERY_STRING    $query_string;
                fastcgi_param   REQUEST_METHOD  $request_method;
                fastcgi_param   CONTENT_TYPE    $content_type;
                fastcgi_param   CONTENT_LENGTH  $content_length;

                fastcgi_intercept_errors        on;
                fastcgi_ignore_client_abort     off;
                fastcgi_connect_timeout         60;
                fastcgi_send_timeout            180;
                fastcgi_read_timeout            180;
                fastcgi_buffer_size             128k;
                fastcgi_buffers                 4 256k;
                fastcgi_busy_buffers_size       256k;
                fastcgi_temp_file_write_size    256k;
        }
}

5.7:重新启动服务

[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl restart zabbix-server zabbix-agent nginx php-fpm
[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl enable zabbix-server zabbix-agent nginx php-fpm

5.8:访问页面

image 426
image 427

六、zabbix页面配置

6.1:前端设置

image 428
image 429
image 430
image 431
image 432
image 433
  • 默认登入用户密码:Admin/zabbix
image 434
image 435

6.2:设置中文显示

image 436
image 437
image 438
1599059641 ae7af2e544b8e09


0 条回应

必须 注册 为本站用户, 登录 后才可以发表评论!